Tag Archives: New Brunswick

Neohelix albolabris – New Brunswick

Neohelix albolabris, Spednic Lake Provincial Park, NB.

In June, at the annual 2-week BiotaNB event, held this year and last in Spednic Lake Protected Natural Area (and the adjacent Spednic Lake Provincial Park), Neohelix albolabris was found. Not apparently that common, I found a single, empty shell in an upland beech wood last year. This year, live snails were attracted to cat food and peanut butter bait used in small mammal traps, and another empty shell was found. Neohelix albolabris is the largest land snail in the BiotaNB area and the only polygyrid found.

 

Carychium minimum in New Brunswick

Carychium minimum, St. John River, New Brunswick

Carychium minimum from New Brunswick.

Last summer, during the New Brunswick bioblitz hosted by the New Brunswick Museum, the I found the first New Brunswick (and Atlantic Canada) record of Carychium minimum Müller, 1774. Read more about this in the short article published in Check List, the journal of biodiversity data. I am both a subject editor (for Mollusca) and the graphic editor.

Carychium minimum was collected along the shore of Mactaquac Lake, a widening of the Saint John River, upstream from Fredericton (45°52′06.5″ N, 055°44′44.6″ W.

My map of all North American records (that I know of) shows that this species is rather widely dispersed in Canada and the U.S.

Map of Carychium minimum in North America. The New Brunswick record is represented by a red circle.

Map of Carychium minimum in North America. The New Brunswick record is represented by a red circle.

Forsyth, R. G. 2015. First record of Carychium minimum Müller, 1774 in New Brunswick, Canada (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Ellobioidea). Check List 11(1): 1511. http://biotaxa.org/cl/article/view/11.1.1511

Arianta arbustorum

The Copse Snail

One of the malacological highlights of my recent trip to New Brunswick was to see live Arianta arbustorum, the Copse Snail. I’d seen this species alive in Germany and England but not previously in North America. Last year (2012), I had looked for it while in St. John’s, Newfoundland, but failed to find it, having only a sketchy idea as to where to look.

Arianta arbustorum, Saint John, New Brunswick

Arianta arbustorum, Saint John, New Brunswick

Arianta arbustorum was an early introduction to North America, having been found in Newfoundland in 1885. But, it was only many years later that the populations were reconfirmed. Donald McAlpine et al. (2009) reported locations in Newfoundland, New Brunswick and Ontario.  Included in their records was the site that I visited: behind the New Brunswick Museum collections building on Douglas Avenue, in Saint John, and where the snail I photographed originated.

Literature Cited

  • McAlpine, D.F., F.W. Schueler, J.E. Maunder, R.G. Noseworthy, & M.C. Sollows. 2009. Establishment and persistence of the copse snail, Arianta arbustorum (Linnaeus, 1758) (Gastropoda: Helicidae) in Canada. The Nautilus 123 (1): 14–18.